Breech Position

An Overview Breech Birth Presentations and Breech Position Baby Risk Birth Defects

Even though advancements in science and medicine have helped reduce pregnancy and birth complications, potential risks during birth are still evident.

The breech birth presentation is one such complication that doctors and mothers around the world continue to experience. This is when the baby during birth enters the birth canal in a position that is far from normal-the feet or buttocks come out first instead of the head first as is what is considered normal.

But what is normal?

To begin with, the birth canal is shaped so that the baby can safely come out with the head first then the rest of the body follows. But when a baby is breech, then delivery becomes complicated and risky for both mother and child.

Causes of breech presentation during birth

Several factors can contribute the baby getting breech at the time of delivery. These factors could be;

  • When there are multiple features in the womb. This is in case of twins, triplets, quadruplets and so on.
  • Polyhydramnios; this is when there is an excessive amount of amniotic fluid in the womb.
  • Fetal deformities. These are malformations that affect the normal shape of the fetus. Such deformities include an unusually large head, filled with fluids (hydrocephaly), the fetus missing much of the brain and scalp (anencephaly), among other birth deformities
  • Abnormalities that affect the uterine shape
  • Complications due to previously conducted Cesarean births

Types of breech baby presentations

Commonly, there are four types of breech births. The first form is the Frank breech where the baby’s posteriors come out first with the legs flexed and feet bent up towards the head. Frank breech makes up for almost 70% of breech births experienced annually across the globe.

The second type of breech birth is the complete breech. A breech is said to be complete when the baby appears to be sitting across the birth canal with the buttocks pointing through the canal and their feet folded at the knee. The footling breech form is another type of birth breech baby complication. Although rare, this kind of breech occurs when the baby’s one or both feet come out first.

The last type of breech position which is very rare is the kneeling breech. Here, the baby appears to be in a kneeling position in the birth canal, with their legs bent at the knees.

Breech baby delivery options

Take note that although breech births can be complicated, they are not entirely impossible to deliver. And because it is quite apparent that a baby can’t be delivered in a breech position, one way to ensure safe delivery is by performing a C-section. It is also possible to deliver breech baby naturally, but for this, your medical practitioner must apply extraordinary skills and take precautionary measures to ensure safe delivery.

The delivery doctor and nurse may try to correct the baby’s position first usually through the vaginal opening or external cephalic version. The latter is a technique used by doctors to normalize the baby’s position manually. It is however considered to be very risky, and thus it is recommended that the baby’s vital signs be monitored closely during this procedure. This recommendation when trying out any techniques to repositions a breech baby.

Breech baby risks

One of the most experienced breech birth risks is the cord prolapse. This when the baby’s body and the umbilical cord come out first during delivery and then the blood and oxygen supplies are cut off. A cord prolapse happens mostly when the child’s buttocks or feet exert pressure on the umbilical cord (the main supply of blood, and oxygen to the fetus).

In other cases, a breech baby birth may result in an entrapment which is when the baby’s body is delivered, but their head gets trapped at the neck. In this situation, if the medical practitioners do not act with speed, serious injuries or even fatality can occur.

Severe labor pains are also a common danger associated with breech births. Although it is a hard thing to ask, just try and be on the alert for not distress the baby during a breech birth. If you find that the pain is unbearable or if you experience severe breech baby painful movements, let your doctor know immediately.

Natural delivery of breech babies is possible but not advisable, but when this is insisted upon and not performed skillfully and carefully, temporary and sometimes permanent birth defects such as downs syndrome, autism, chromosomal disorders, and spinal cord defects may be experienced.

What is most important during a breech-presentation birth is to ensure that an open line of communication is maintained between the doctor and mother. This is to prevent a breech baby misdiagnosis that can lead to birth injuries for both mother and child.

To be safe, ensure that you read about breech births and understand its possible scenarios. This knowledge will help you to be better prepared for any eventuality and also know how to deal with the situation if it arises.…

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birth order stereotypes

The Truth in Birth Order Stereotypes

The oldest is bossy, and everybody babies the infant, and also the middle child is — well, stuck in the middle. Are these just stereotypes, or perhaps is there some truth to birth order stereotypes? Even though this theory only explains a little slice of why we’re the way you are, individuals differences indeed exist, expert Frank Sulloway, Ph.D., author of Born to Rebel (Pantheon).

Birth Order Stereotypes Oldest Children

Stereotype: Ambitious, responsible, And a natural leader.


Because firstborns follow their parents’ lead, that they like taking control and also have tons of confidence, states Kevin Leman, Ph.D., an author of the Birth Order Book: Why You Are the Way You Are (Revell).

It is easy know firstborns. Perfectionists, they see adults coloring within the lines without spilling. Your firstborn wants everything so, Leman states, and that he wants to get things right, to begin with. For this finish, he might resist flowing line or coloring by himself while he does not need to make mistakes. These perfectionist habits also mean firstborns might have trouble acknowledging when they are wrong.

It isn’t hard to observe how firstborns may become so tightly wound: a newcomer to their roles as Mother and Father, and first-time parents could be overprotective and tentative yet still, time strict and demanding states, Leman. This act could mean kids that overachieve.

Why it’s true: The oldest, for some time, doesn’t have competition for time (or books or baby banter) with Mother and Father. “There’s an advantage to all that undiluted attention. A 2007 study in Norwegian demonstrated that firstborns had 2 to 3 more IQ points compared to next child,” says Frank J. Sulloway, Ph.D., the author of Born to Rebel.

Middle Children

Stereotype: Social butterfly, fairness-obsessed, and a peacekeeper.


Leman sees this frequently with middle-born children. “When a role is filled through the firstborn, the 2nd-born will look for a job that’s completely the alternative. Due to this, middle youngsters are the toughest to label, since their personalities emerge as a result of the way they see the following earliest brother or sister in the household.

When the older brother or sister is a parent-pleaser, the center child might be a rebel to obtain attention. The center child may be the hardest to classify, but whatever traits he develops play from the first born.

Within the eyes of the middle child, earliest sibling reaps all of the rights and also the babies pull off everything, so centers learn how to negotiate to obtain what they need. “Middle-born would be the most prepared to wheel and deal,” says Sulloway.

They’re agreeable, diplomatic, and compromising, plus they handle disappointment well. They’ve realistic expectations, would be the least apt to be spoiled, plus they are usually probably the most independent. Only because they frequently feel overlooked, they have a tendency to gravitate toward the family.

Why it’s true: “Middle-born do not have the legal rights from the earliest or even the rights from the youngest,” says Catherine Salmon, Ph.D., a co-author of The Secret Power of Middle Children. Consequently, they become experts at settlement and compromise. Additionally, they have a tendency to rely on their buddies, his or her parents’ attention is frequently centered on the earliest or youngest child.

When it’s not: So if you had three middles, the first and third would likely be a bit more similar to each other than to the very middle child.

Youngest Children

Stereotype: Risk taker, charming, and a free spirit.


When you are the youngest is not all roses. Because of last born view their older siblings bigger, faster, and smarter, they might make an effort to differentiate themselves when you are more rebellious, states Sulloway. Leman, themselves the household baby, concurs with this particular statement: “Last born come with an ‘I’ll show them’ attitude.” And when older siblings baby the infant, last born may be spoiled and manipulative.

Why it’s true: Parents are less careful. And also they most likely convey more sources compared to what they did when beginning out. “Parents tend to be more lenient, so youngest kids are usually less rules-oriented, but they get plenty of attention,” states Salmon.

When it’s not: “Some babies resent not given serious attention, Inches states Linda Campbell, a professor of counseling and human development in the College of Georgia, in Athens. “They might become very responsible, such as the earliest, or social, such as the middle.”

The Bottom Line

Personality does not hinge around the biologically proven fact that a young child comes into the world first or seventh. “It is the roles siblings adopt those cause variations in behavior,” Sulloway say. Strategies children use to obtain parents? Attention differs based on their position in the family tree.

Being a parent usually attempt to reinforce these roles, whether or not they understand it or otherwise. Here’s a reason why your son or daughter may get the traits he is doing, based on where he falls in the birth order stereotypes. You can check this video to have more point.

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